• Counting

    ichi – one

    ni – two

    san – three

    shi, yon – four

    go – five

    roku – six

    sichi, nana – seven

    hachi – eight

    ku – nine

    ju – ten

  • Exercises

    tankan undo – turning exercise

    funekogi undo – rowing exercise

    happo undo – eight direction exercise

    shikko – knee walking exercise

    mae ukemi – forward roll

    ushiro ukemi – backward roll

  • Pinning forms

    ikkyo – first form

    nikkyo – second form

    sankyo – third form

    yonkyo – fourth form

    gokyo – fifth form

  • Posture and stance

    seiza – sitting posture

    hanza – cross leg sitting

    suwari – sit

    hanmi – oblique stance

    ai hanmi – same stance (uke and nage right hanmi)

    gyaku hanmi – mirror image (uke right hanmi and nage left hanmi)

    hanmi handachi – nage sitting and uke standing

    kamae – stance (on guard)

    maai – proper distance

  • Movement

    irimi – enter

    tenkan – turn

    tenshin – move back at an angle

    omote – move in front

    ura – move behind

  • Body

    te – hand

    kubi – neck

    kata – shoulder

    hiji – elbow

    men – head

    ashi – foot

  • Waza (technique)

    tori – to take

    nage – to throw, one who throws, defender

    uke – to catch, one who receives the throw, attacker

    soto – outside

    uchi – under

    ushiro – behind

    atemi – strike

    suwari waza – sitting techniques

    tachiwaza – standing techniques

    ryo – both

    kokyu – breath

  • Attacks

    tsuki – strike to the midsection

    shomenuchi – strike to the head from above

    yokomenuchi – oblique strike to the head

    katate tori – one hand wrist grab

    ryote tori – one hand grab of both wrists

    morote tori – two hands grab one wrist

    kata tori – one hand shoulder grab

    kubi shimae – choke to the neck

  • Throws

    irimi nage – entering throw

    shiho nage – four direction throw

    kokyu nage – breath throw

    kaiten nage – rotary throw

    tenchi nage – heaven and earth throw

    juji nage – cross arm throw

    koshi nage – hip throw

    kotegaeshi – wrist turn out throw

    sumi otoshi – corner drop

    aiki otoshi – aiki drop

    kokyu dosa, kokyo ho (also zagi kokyo ho) – centering exercise done at the end of class, seated.

  • Other Terms

    do – path or way

    budo – martial way

    zanshin – finishing connection

    keiko – practice

    agatsu – victory over self